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Testicular Pain (cont.)

Testicular Self-Exam

A testicular self-examination may allow individuals to detect testicular cancer at an earlier stage of the disease. Often, an abnormal lump or mass, or a change in the size or consistency of the testicle may be the first sign of a testicular tumor. Many health-care professionals recommend that young men perform a monthly testicular self-examination if they have the following risk factors:

  • A history of testicular tumor
  • An undescended or late-descending testicle
  • A family history of testicular cancer

A testicular self-examination should be performed during or shortly after a bath or shower when the scrotum is relaxed and the testicles descended.

  • While standing, hold the penis out of the way and gently roll each testicle between your thumb and fingers, making sure to feel the entire surface of the testicle.
  • It is normal for one testicle to be larger than the other, and for one testicle to hang lower than the other.
  • If you notice any lumps or changes in the size, shape or consistency of the testicle, seek prompt medical attention for further evaluation.

Testicular Pain Follow-up

Individuals with testicular pain who are discharged home after undergoing a medical evaluation will need to follow-up as per the instructions set forth by the health care professional. Generally speaking, patients who have undergone surgery for any reason will require outpatient follow-up with the physician to monitor progress and manage any potential complications. If your symptoms worsen, or fail to improve after treatment, contact your health care professional.

Testicular Pain Prevention

Many causes of testicular pain are not entirely preventable; however, some measures may be taken to decrease the risk:

  • When engaging in sporting activities, make sure to wear the appropriate protective equipment to prevent testicular trauma.
  • For those cases of epididymitis caused by sexually transmitted diseases, safe sexual behavior using condoms greatly reduces the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases.
  • The mumps vaccination can reduce the incidence of viral orchitis.
  • Though testicular tumors cannot be prevented, regular self-examinations of the testicles can improve the chance of early detection.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/11/2015

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Testicular Trauma »

Despite the vulnerable position of the testicles, testicular trauma is relatively uncommon.

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