Font Size

Testicular Self-Exam

Testicular Self-Exam Introduction

Patient Comments

A testicular self-examination (TSE) is useful in the detection of cancer of the testicles. Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor found in males age 20-34 years. If detected early and treated, testicular cancer is almost 100% curable. If untreated, it may spread to the lymph nodes and lungs, and become more dangerous. Tumors usually are found on one side, but a small percentage are found in both testicles.

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

The cause of testicular cancer is unknown, but there are several known risk factors:

  • Family history of testicular tumors
  • History of an undescended testicle or a late-descending testicle
  • History of mumps and later shrinking of the testicles
  • Injury to the scrotum
  • Ethnicity: More common in white than black men
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/17/2014
Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to Testicular Self-Exam

Testicular Cancer
Cancer of the Testicle Testicular cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the testicles. The testicles are the male reproductive organs (gonads), where sperm are produced. The ...learn more >>
Common Health Tests
Common Health Tests Common health tests may be performed in your doctor's office or even in the pharmacy. Regular health checks and screening for certain diseases and conditions ha...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Testicular Self-Exam:

Testicular Self-Exam - How to

Do you do a testicular self-exam every month?

Testicular Cancer Definition

Testicular cancer: Cancer of the male sex organ, the testicle, that normally produces the hormone testosterone. One of the most common cancers in young men. Most testicular cancers are found by men in themselves as a lump in the testicle.

The risk of cancer of the testicles is increased in males whose testicles did not move down normally into the scrotum (holding sac for the testicles) during development unless the problem is corrected in early childhood. This condition is referred to as undescended testicles.

After cancer in the testicle is detected, surgical removal of the affected testicle (orchiectomy) is done and the cancer is confirmed by examination of the tissue under a microscope.

Testicular cancer is almost always curable if it is found early.

SOURCE: Testicular Cancer.

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Spermatocele »

Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacillus that is responsible for the development of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and colitis.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary