Testicular Self-Exam (cont.)
How to Do a Testicular Self-Examination
The best time to examine testicles is during or after a shower or bath. The warm water allows the scrotum to relax and the testicles to drop down. The left testicle normally hangs a bit lower than the right. It is common for one testicle to be larger than the other one.
Young men should examine themselves once a month. More frequent exams actually may result in missing a slowly changing lump.
How to conduct a testicular self-exam
- Support each testicle with one hand and examine it with the other.
- Gently roll each testicle between the thumb and fingers. Testicles should feel firm and smooth, about the consistency of a hard-boiled egg without the shell.
- The epididymis is a ropelike structure attached to the back of the testis. This structure is not an abnormal lump
- Feel for firm masses, lumps, or nodules in the testicle. In cancer, these lumps often are painless.
- Become familiar with normal size, shape, and weight of each testicle and epididymis. This will help you recognize a change from one self-examination to
the next, if a change should occur.
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