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Thermal (Heat or Fire) Burns (cont.)

Exams and Tests

At the hospital, the doctor will take a history and perform a physical examination to determine the extent and severity of the burn.

  • In determining the extent of the burn, the doctor may use a tool called the "Rule of Nines." This tool is a formula that divides the surface area of the body into sections, each roughly 9%. Determining the amount of surface area burned helps the doctor decide on treatment of the burn.

  • No special diagnostic tests are needed.

  • The doctor will determine whether the burn or burns are superficial, partial thickness, or full thickness and begin treatment appropriately.

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