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Thyroid Nodules (cont.)

Thyroid Nodule Medical Treatment

As stated previously, the majority of thyroid nodules are benign and may not require any intervention. In particular, nodules that are benign and/or less that 1 cm wide may not require immediate treatment. Instead, periodic evaluation by a physician's examination and/or ultrasound may be sufficient.

Thyroid Surgery

Thyroidectomy is removal of the thyroid by surgery. Partial or complete thyroidectomy is recommended for:

  • Thyroid cancer or indeterminate lesions that cannot be classified from a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB)
  • Large thyroid nodules that cause obstructive symptoms, such as problems breathing or swallowing
  • Thyroid nodules that cause pain
  • Cosmetic reasons, to remove large visible thyroid nodules
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2015

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Thyroid Nodule »

Nodular disease of the thyroid gland is prevalent in the United States.

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