Thyroid Nodules (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
131-IODINE (I-131) concentrates in the thyroid tissue and cause tissue destruction. I-131 can be administered as a capsule or in liquid form.
Thyroid Hormone Suppression
There is controversy regarding whether physician-supervised administration of thyroid hormone may shrink the size of thyroid nodules. Many doctors believe that thyroid hormone does not effectively shrink nodules. Furthermore, there is the risk of high blood levels of thyroid hormone in patients with multiple thyroid nodules (multinodular goiter). However, clinical trials have shown that suppressive therapy may be successful in shrinking some thyroid nodules. Doctors may make this decision on a case-by-case basis and research is still ongoing to determine the efficacy of this type of treatment. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of suppressive thyroid hormone therapy with your doctor.
Synonyms and Keywords
thyroid nodules, thyroid gland, thyroid nodule, thyroid stimulating hormone, TSH, thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid surgery, radioactive iodine, thyroid cyst, thyroid cyst, goiter, colloid nodule, degenerative cyst, hyperplasia, thyroiditis, benign neoplasm, malignancy, malignant Hashimoto thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, thyroid stimulating hormone, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, FNAB, multinodular goiter, thyroid tumor, thyroid tumors, ultrasound of the thyroid, thyroid radionuclide scanning, thyroid hormone suppression
Author and Editor
Authors: Robert Ferry, Jr., MD
Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/20/2013
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