Thyroid Problems (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Goiter in Pregnancy
It is common for a goiter to enlarge slightly during pregnancy. It is more common when the mother lives in an area of iodine deficiency. In the United States, the average intake of iodine is adequate but can be low if someone avoids consumption of milk, eggs, and iodized salt. Not all prenatal vitamins contain iodine, but it is recommended that only prenatal vitamins that contain iodine should be used during pregnancy. If a thyroid nodule is found during pregnancy, new recommendations are not to wait until the end of pregnancy, but to arrange for an evaluation and possible biopsy as soon as possible.
Postpartum Thyroid Disease
Some women may have temporary thyroiditis called postpartum subacute thyroiditis that usually occurs within 3 to 6 months after giving birth. It also may occur after miscarriage. The classic clinical picture is a woman who will first have symptoms of hyperthyroidism with palpitations, anxiety, and weight loss, followed by hypothyroidism with fatigue, constipation, and weight gain, culminating in normal thyroid function in 90% of women of experience this condition.
Women with type I diabetes have a 25% risk of developing postpartum thyroid dysfunction.
Consult your doctor if you have symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism after pregnancy or miscarriage.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/19/2016
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