Tic Douloureux Overview
Tic douloureux or trigeminal neuralgia is a severe, stabbing pain to one side of the face. It stems from one or more branches of the nerve that supplies sensation to the face, the trigeminal nerve. It is considered one of the most painful conditions to affect people.
The pain usually lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes. It may be so intense that you wince involuntarily, hence the term tic. There is usually no pain or numbness between attacks and no dysfunction of the muscles of the face.
Most people feel the pain in their jaw, cheek, or lip on one side of the face only. Pain is usually triggered by a light touch of the face or mouth on the same side as the pain. The pain is so severe that people can become afraid to talk, eat, or move during periods of attacks.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/16/2014
Julie Dixon, MD
Lisa Chan, MD, FACEP
Ruben Olmedo, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
James Ungar, MD
Must Read Articles Related to Tic Douloureux
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Tic Douloureux (Trigeminal Neuralgia):
Tic Douloureux (Trigeminal Neuralgia) - Patient Experience
Please describe your experience with tic douloureux (trigeminal neuralgia).
Brain and Nervous System Resources
- How Well Are You Living With AFib?
- How Well Are You Managing Your MS?
- Soothe Your Child's Cold or Flu