Tic Douloureux Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Tic Douloureux article.

Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Anticonvulsant: A medication used to control (prevent) seizures (convulsions) or stop an o...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Dermatology: 1. The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscle relaxant: Muscle relaxant is a term usually used to refer to skeletal muscle relaxa...

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Myelin: The fatty substance that covers and protects nerves. Myelin is a layered tissue th...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuralgia: Pain along the course of a nerve.

Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Opioid: 1. A synthetic narcotic that resembles the naturally occurring opiates. 2. Any sub...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Relaxant: Something that relaxes, relieves, or reduces tension. For example, a muscle rela...

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Resident: In medicine, a physician who has finished medical school and is receiving traini...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tic: A repetitive movement that is difficult, if not impossible, to control. Tics can af...

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Tic douloureux: A synonym for trigeminal neuralgia. From the French, meaning literally a p...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

Toxicology: The study of the nature, effects, and detection of poisons (toxins) and the tr...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trigeminal nerve: The chief nerve of sensation for the face, which is also the motor nerve...

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Trigeminal neuralgia: Also called tic douloureux. Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve (th...

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Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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