Tinnitus (Ringing in the Ears) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Tinnitus (Ringing in the Ears) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acoustic: Having to do with sound or hearing. The acoustic nerve (the 8th cranial nerve) i...

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Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor that may develop on the hearing and balance nerves near t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Anti-: Prefix generally meaning "against, opposite or opposing, and contrary." In medicine...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Audiogram: A test of hearing at a range of sound frequencies.

Audiologist: A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and relate...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Biofeedback: A method of treatment that uses a monitor to measure patients' physiologic in...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain tumor: A benign or malignant growth in the brain. Primary brain tumors initially for...

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Brainstem: The lowest part of the brain which merges with the spinal cord and provides the...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiologist: A physician who specializes in treating heart disorders.

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cochlea: The cochlea is the part of the inner ear that converts mechanical energy (vibrati...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Deafness: Partial or complete hearing loss. Levels of hearing impairment vary from a mild ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Ear wax: A natural wax-like substance secreted by special glands in the skin on the outer ...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gynecologist: A physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Herbal remedy: A medication prepared from plants, including most of the world's tradition...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Inner ear: A highly complex structure whose essential component for hearing is the membran...

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Internist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. T...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Melatonin: A hormone that is produced by the pineal gland and is intimately involved in re...

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Middle ear: A part of the ear that consists of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and, beyond...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neuroma: A benign tumor that arises from a nerve as, for example, an acoustic glioma or op...

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NIDCD: Stands for National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, one of...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

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Oncologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. After a ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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OSHA: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, an agency of the US government un...

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Otolaryngologist: A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head ...

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Otolaryngology: A medical and surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management,...

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Outer ear: The part of the ear that is visible along the side of the head. The outer ear c...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Quinine: The original antimalarial agent, quinine took its name from the Peruvian Indian w...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Thyroid gland: A gland that makes and stores hormones that help regulate the heart rate, b...

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Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Transcranial: Through the cranium. As, for example, in transcranial magnetic stimulation.

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Transcranial magnetic stimulation: Abbreviated TMS. A non-invasive technique that consists...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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