Tonsillitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Tonsillitis article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Airway obstruction: Partial or complete blockage of the breathing passages to the lungs. C...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Aspiration: Removal by suction of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also refer...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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ENT: 1. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A field of medicine also called ot...

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Enterovirus: A virus that enters the body through the gastrointestinal tract and thrives ...

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Epstein-Barr virus: A virus in the herpes family that is best known as the cause of infect...

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Exudate: A fluid rich in protein and cellular elements that oozes out of blood vessels due...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Hoarseness: Hoarseness is a term referring to abnormal voice changes. Hoarseness may be ma...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Influenza: Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses Mo...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parainfluenza: A disease due to an acute respiratory infection caused by a parainfluenza v...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Peritonsillar abscess: A collection of pus behind the tonsils that pushes one of the tonsi...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rapid strep test: A diagnostic test commonly used to demonstrate whether streptococcus bac...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rheumatic fever: An illness that occurs following a streptococcus infection (such as a "st...

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

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Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus pyogenes: A common bacteria that causes strep throat (streptococcal p...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Teaspoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tonsillectomy: The surgical removal of both tonsils. This procedure is sometimes performe...

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Tonsillitis: Inflammation of one or both tonsils, typically as a result of infection by a ...

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Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Trismus: Inability to open the mouth fully. This may be due to spasm of the jaw muscles an...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Uvula: The anatomic structure that dangles downward at the back of the mouth and is attach...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Watchful waiting: Closely monitoring a patient's condition but withholding therapy until t...

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Medical Dictionary