Toothache Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Toothache article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Angina: Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The pain is ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Baby teeth: See: Primary teeth.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bridge: A set of one or more false teeth supported by a metal framework, used to replace ...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Crown: 1. In dentistry, the portion of the tooth that is covered by enamel. 2./...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

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Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Infarction: The formation of an infarct, an area of tissue death, due to a local lack of o...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Ischemia: Inadequate blood supply to a local area due to blockage of blood vessels leading...

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Jaw: The movable junction of the bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone just ab...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Mandible: The bone of the lower jaw. The joint where the mandible meets the upper jaw at t...

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Maxilla: The major bone of the upper jaw.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Molar: In dentistry, a molar is one of the posterior teeth well adapted to grinding, in ke...

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Molars: Molars are the large teeth at the back of the mouth.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Myocardial infarction: A heart attack. Abbreviated MI.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

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Primary teeth: The first teeth which are shed and replaced by permanent teeth. The first p...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radiate: To spread out from a central area. For example, sciatic pain may radiate outward ...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Referred pain: Pain felt at a site other than where the cause is situated. An example is t...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Skull: The skull is a collection of bones which encase the brain and give form to the hea...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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TMJ: Temporomandibular joint.

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Tobacco smoking: The direct inhalation of tobacco smoke, the basis of major health hazards...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Toothache: Pain in the tooth or gum. The most common cause of a toothache is a cavity or a...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Yawning: Involuntary opening of the mouth with respiration, breathing first inward, then o...

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