Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
Most people can avoid severe dental problems with regular dental care. Have the dentist's telephone number easily available in case of an emergency.
Maintain a healthy diet. Bacteria thrive on refined sugar and starch and need this in order to burrow through the enamel on teeth. One should watch what they eat and be careful about food that sticks to and between the teeth. Brush the teeth after eating or add foods in the diet with some roughage that may act as a natural toothbrush. End meals with a salad or apple.
Establish a good program of cleaning the teeth to remove the food particles. Brush the teeth after eating. Use a soft toothbrush with fluoride toothpaste as recommended by the American Dental Association. Floss between teeth daily and brush the gums to encourage healthy gums. Water jets are effective at removing trapped particles, but flossing the teeth does a more thorough job when done carefully.
Prevent tooth decay with fluoride. Fluoride is effective in preventing tooth decay in children. Fluoride is a natural element and is found in many water supplies and vegetables. Check and see if tap water is fluoridated. If the water is not fluoridated, the dentist can prescribe fluoride tablets or fluoride supplements for children younger than 10 years.
One should arrange to have the teeth cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist twice a year. This has been shown to be effective in preventing both decay and gum disease. Dental X-rays may be needed every 3 to 5 years to identify problem areas.
One should keep their bridge or dentures clean. The dentist can offer suggestions. Even if one does not have all of their original adult teeth, they can prevent new dental problems if they try these preventive tips.
Wear a protective dental guard or headgear while playing sports to help prevent injury.
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Dental AbscessBacteria from a tooth cavity can cause a dental abscess, or infection of the mouth, jaw or face. Symptoms include pain, swelling, facial redness, gum inflammati...learn more >>
GingivitisGingivitis is an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth. Gingivitis is caused by a bacterial infection of the gums. Symptoms may include pain, redness, ...learn more >>