Torn ACL Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Torn ACL article.

ACL injury: See: Anterior cruciate injury.

Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Anterior cruciate ligament: A ligament in the knee that crosses from the underside of the ...

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Arthroscope: A thin flexible fiberoptic scope which is introduced into a joint space throu...

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Cadaver: A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study an...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Collateral: In anatomy, a collateral is a subordinate or accessory part. A collateral is a...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Cruciate: Cross-shaped.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Donor: The giver of a tissue or an organ, such as a blood donor or kidney donor.

Effusion: Too much fluid, an outpouring of fluid. For example, a pleural effusion is an ab...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Femoral: Having to do with the femur.

Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Flexion: The process of bending, or the state of being bent. For example, flexion of the f...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Graft: Healthy skin, bone, kidney, liver, or other tissue that is taken from one part of t...

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Hamstring: One of the prominent tendons at the back of the knee. The hamstrings are the si...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Knee joint: The knee joint has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large sh...

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Knee ligaments: Ligaments are strong, elastic bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. T...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Medial: 1. Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of ...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Meniscus: The word "meniscus" comes from the Greek and refers to a crescent-shaped structu...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neuromuscular: Pertaining to both nerves and muscles, as in neuromuscular blockade by an a...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Patellar: Pertaining to the patella (kneecap).

Patellar tendon: A tendon that extends down from the quadriceps muscle in the thigh to inc...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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PEP: The abbreviation PEP stands for a number of things in medicine including post-exposur...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Plyometrics: Any exercise in which muscles are repeatedly and rapidly stretched ("loaded")...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Postoperative: After surgery. As opposed to preoperative, before surgery.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Quadriceps: Although the term "quadriceps" technically may refer to any four-headed muscle...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Shinbone: The larger of the two bones in the lower leg (the smaller one being the fibula)....

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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