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Torticollis (cont.)

What Is the Treatment for Torticollis?

Treatment for torticollis is targeted to relax the contracted neck muscles involved. Treatments include medication, physical devices, botulinum toxin, physical therapy, stretching exercises, and surgery. In most people, torticollis resolves in several days to a few weeks. A few people will develop continuing neck problems for months to years. Persistent neck muscle spasms may require referral to a neurologist or surgeon.

What Types of Doctors Treat Torticollis?

You may initially be diagnosed with torticollis by your family practitioner or internist, or if the torticollis is due to an acute injury, you may be diagnosed by an emergency-medicine specialist in a hospital's emergency department. Infants and children will be diagnosed by their pediatrician.

For further care, you may be referred to a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist (physiatrist) or orthopedist who specializes in musculoskeletal disorders and treatment. Some types of torticollis due to neurological conditions may be treated by a neurologist.

Physical therapy is often a primary treatment for torticollis and you may see a physical therapist or occupational therapist to help work on stretching and strength exercises.

In severe cases when surgery is needed, you may see an orthopedic surgeon or a surgical specialist in brain-stimulation techniques.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/4/2016

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Torticollis »

Torticollis (from the Latin torti, meaning twisted and collis, meaning neck) manifests as involuntary contractions of the neck muscles, leading to abnormal postures and movements of the head.

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