Total Hip Replacement Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Total Hip Replacement article.

Acetabulum: The cup-shaped socket of the hip joint. The acetabulum is a feature of the pel...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthesiologist: A physician or, less often, a dentist who is specialized in the practice...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood components from one person (the donor) i...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Femoral: Having to do with the femur.

Femur: The single bone in the thigh, which is the largest bone in the human body. Also kno...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prosthetic: Referring to a prosthesis, an artificial substitute or replacement of a part o...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary embolism: Sudden closure of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

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Total hip replacement: Surgery in which the diseased ball and socket of the hip joint are ...

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Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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Medical Dictionary