Toxic Shock Syndrome (cont.)
People with toxic shock syndrome are admitted to the hospital's intensive care unit for treatment.
- The doctor tries to eliminate the source of infection with the following steps:
- Remove the tampon, nasal packing or other potential source of infection.
- Search for any other possible source of infection.
- Start IV antibiotics after blood cultures are quickly drawn; many clinicians choose to treat with more than one antibiotic as some organisms that cause TSS are occasionally resistant to several antibiotics.
- The doctor helps support the functions of the body until the organs recover with the following steps:
- Provide IV fluids and medications to raise the blood pressure.
- Correct electrolytes.
- Monitor kidney and liver functions.
- Provide oxygen if needed for breathing difficulty. (Some people with severe lung failure need to have a tube inserted into their windpipe and be placed on a ventilator.)
Joseph S Bushra, MD, FAAEM
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