Toxic Shock Syndrome Bacteria
The two most common bacteria found in the diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) are Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep) or Staphylococcus aureus (staph). In some cases of TSS, the strep or staph bacteria may cause a serious infection in the body, such as pneumonia, osteomyelitis, or endocarditis.
Strep TSS is not as likely as staph TSS to come back. A person with staph TSS has an increased chance for getting it again.
Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep)
Strep TSS may be related to:
But strep TSS can develop in people who have no risk factors.
Symptoms of strep TSS include:
Group A strep bacteria can be identified by cultures from a sample of blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or by a tissue biopsy. Cultures from the throat, the vagina, or a sputum sample may also contain the bacteria.
Staphylococcal aureus (staph)
In adults, staph may be part of the normal body bacteria on the skin and in the nose and vagina. More than 90% of adults have developed antibodies to the staph bacteria toxin that causes TSS.1 For those who have not developed an immunity and contract a staph infection, toxic shock syndrome may be related to:
Symptoms of staph TSS include:
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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