Toxoplasmosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Toxoplasmosis article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

See the entire definition of Acquired

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Amniotic fluid: The fluid bathing a fetus within the uterus, which serves as a shock absor...

See the entire definition of Amniotic fluid

Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

See the entire definition of Antibody

Assay: An assay is an analysis done to determine:

  1. The presence of a substance an...

See the entire definition of Assay

Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

See the entire definition of Asymptomatic

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy

Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

See the entire definition of Blindness

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Cat scratch disease: A bacterial infection due to a cat scratch seen most often today in ...

See the entire definition of Cat scratch disease

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

See the entire definition of CDC

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

See the entire definition of Cervical

Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

See the entire definition of Chemotherapy back to top

Choroid: In the eye, a thin vascular layer between the sclera and the retina. The choroid ...

See the entire definition of Choroid

Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

See the entire definition of Ear

ELISA: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, a rapid immunochemical test that involves an enz...

See the entire definition of ELISA

Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain, which may be caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a...

See the entire definition of Encephalitis

Enlarged spleen: Splenomegaly, or an enlargement of the spleen. This condition can occur w...

See the entire definition of Enlarged spleen

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

See the entire definition of Fetus

Giardiasis: Infection with Giardia lamblia.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

See the entire definition of HIV

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system back to top

Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

See the entire definition of Immunocompromised

Immunosuppression: Suppression of the immune system and its ability to fight infection. Im...

See the entire definition of Immunosuppression

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

See the entire definition of Jaundice

Latent: Hidden, dormant, inactive.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

See the entire definition of Lymph

Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

See the entire definition of Lymph node

Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

See the entire definition of Malaise

Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

See the entire definition of Malaria

Meningoencephalitis: Meningitis + encephalitis, inflammation of the meninges and brain. Ca...

See the entire definition of Meningoencephalitis

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle back to top

Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium, the heart muscle.

Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

See the entire definition of Neurological

Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

See the entire definition of Node

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

See the entire definition of Organ

Parasite: A plant or an animal organism that lives in or on another and takes its nourishm...

See the entire definition of Parasite

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Retina: The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, and cr...

See the entire definition of Retina

Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

See the entire definition of Sepsis

Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

See the entire definition of Spleen

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Toxoplasma gondii: A single-celled parasite that causes toxoplasmosis (toxo) .

Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

See the entire definition of Trimester

Viable: Capable of life. For example, a viable premature baby is one who is able to surviv...

See the entire definition of Viable back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary