Prevention of toxoplasmosis centers on avoiding ingestion of the parasites.
The following is suggested by the CDC and other public-health officials to
prevent or reduce the chance of getting toxoplasmosis:
- Thoroughly cook all
meat (freezing meat for several days may also reduce the chance of ingesting
- Carefully wash hands and utensils after handling raw meat.
Wash fruits and vegetables before eating them.
- Do not drink unpasteurized milk
or drink untreated water.
- Feed cats only commercially prepared cat food or
thoroughly cooked food.
- Do not adopt or handle stray cats.
- Do not obtain a new
cat while pregnant.
- Pregnant women should wear gloves while gardening,
thoroughly wash their hands afterward, and avoid contacting any cat feces; they
should have others change cat litter boxes (change litter boxes daily).
outdoor sandboxes covered when not in use.
individuals can infect their fetus; treatment of the mother can reduce the
chances of infecting the fetus. Organ and blood donors infected with Toxoplasma
can transmit the parasite to recipients; testing donors for the parasite can
prevent this rare type of infection. Studies are ongoing to produce a vaccine
against Toxoplasma, but to date, none are available or commercially produced for
humans or cats.
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