Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-Stroke) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-Stroke) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Amaurosis fugax: A symptom described as a shade coming down over the eye. A partial or com...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Aphasia: Literally, no speech. Aphasia may also be used to describe defects in spoken expr...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Atherosclerosis: A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-...

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Atherosclerotic: Pertaining to atherosclerosis, the process of progressive thickening and ...

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Atrial: Pertaining to the atria, the upper chambers of the heart, as in atrial fibrillatio...

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Atrial fibrillation: An abnormal and irregular heart rhythm in which electrical signals ar...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Broca's area: An area of the cerebral motor cortex in the frontal lobe of the brain that ...

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Carotid: Pertaining to the carotid artery and the area near that key artery, which is loca...

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Carotid artery: Either of the two key arteries located in the front of the neck, through w...

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Carotid endarterectomy: Endarterectomy (a surgical procedure designed to clean out materia...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cerebellum: The portion of the brain that is in the back of the head, between the cerebrum...

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Cerebrovascular: Pertaining to the blood vessels and, especially, the arteries that supply...

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Cerebrovascular accident: The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen whe...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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CVA: Cerebrovascular accident.

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Embolus: A blockage or plug that obstructs a blood 'vessel. Examples of emboli are detache...

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Endarterectomy: An operation to clean out an artery and restore normal blood flow through ...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fibrillation: In cardiology, an abnormal and erratic twitching of the heart muscle.

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

Hemorrhagic: Pertaining to bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Lipid: Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) A lipid is more f...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Occipital: 1. Pertaining to the occiput, the back of head.
2. Located...

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Occlude: 1 To close, obstruct, or prevent the passage. To occlude an artery is to o...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ophthalmic: Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Plaque: 1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an a...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Primary care provider: In insurance parlance, a physician who is chosen by or assigned to ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Retina: The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, and c...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Stenosis: A narrowing. For example, aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve in ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

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TIA: Transient ischemic attack.

tPA: See: Tissue plasminogen activator.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Unilateral: Having, or relating to, one side. For example, a unilateral rash is one that i...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vertebral column: The 33 vertebrae that fit together to form a flexible, yet extraordinari...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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Medical Dictionary