Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) (cont.)
You can help prevent a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke by controlling your risk factors for stroke.
Know your stroke risk
These are some of the common risk factors for stroke:
Treat any health problems you have
- Manage high blood pressure or high cholesterol by working with your doctor.
- Manage diabetes. Keep your blood sugar levels within a target range.
- If your doctor advises you to take aspirin or a blood thinner, take it. This can help prevent a stroke.
- Take your medicine exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think you are having a problem with your medicine.
Adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Don't smoke or allow others to smoke around you. For more information, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
- Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women.
- Stay at a healthy weight. Being overweight makes it more likely you will develop high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes. These conditions make a stroke more likely.
- Do activities that raise your heart rate. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. Walking is a good choice. You also may want to do other activities, such as running, swimming, cycling, or playing tennis or team sports.
- Fitness: Walking for Wellness
- Eat a balanced diet that is low in cholesterol, saturated fats, and salt. What kind of diet you use(What is a PDF document?) depends on your individual risks, your doctor's recommendation, and your preference. Here are some options: