Traveler's Diarrhea Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Traveler's Diarrhea article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

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Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Food poisoning: A common flu-like illness typically characterized by nausea, vomiting and...

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Giardiasis: Infection with Giardia lamblia.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Iodine: An element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the th...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Norovirus: A group of viruses that are a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroen...

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Norwalk virus: A family of small round viruses that are an important cause of viral gastro...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parasitic: Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a par...

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Pathogenic: Capable of causing disease. For example, pathogenic E. coli are Eschericia col...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protozoa: A parasitic single-celled organism that can divide only within a host organism. ...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Rotavirus: A virus that is a leading cause of severe diarrhea and dehydration in young chi...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Tetracycline: A family of broad-spectrum antibiotics effective against a remarkably wide v...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Traveler's diarrhea: Diarrhea that results from infections acquired while traveling to ano...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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