Treatment of Osteoporosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Treatment of Osteoporosis article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

See the entire definition of Absorb

Adverse effect: A harmful or abnormal result. An adverse effect may be caused by administr...

See the entire definition of Adverse effect

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

See the entire definition of Bone density

Bone mineral density: BMD, a measure of bone density, reflecting the strength of bones as ...

See the entire definition of Bone mineral density

Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due...

See the entire definition of Broken hip

Calcitonin: A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and ...

See the entire definition of Calcitonin

Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

See the entire definition of Calcium

Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

See the entire definition of Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

See the entire definition of Computed tomography

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

See the entire definition of Depression

DEXA: Dual energy X-ray absorptometry. See: DXA.

back to top

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

See the entire definition of Dizziness

Dowager's hump: An abnormal outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae of the upper back....

See the entire definition of Dowager's hump

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

See the entire definition of Estrogen

Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

See the entire definition of Estrogens

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

See the entire definition of Family history

Forearm: The portion of the upper limb from the elbow to the wrist. The forearm has two bo...

See the entire definition of Forearm

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

See the entire definition of Fracture

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hip fracture: Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due ...

See the entire definition of Hip fracture

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

See the entire definition of Informatics

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

See the entire definition of Internal medicine back to top

Ligand: A molecule that binds to another. Often, a soluble molecule such as a hormone or n...

See the entire definition of Ligand

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

See the entire definition of Menopause

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

See the entire definition of Nursing

Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

See the entire definition of Nutrition

Osteoclast: A cell that nibbles at and breaks down bone and is responsible for bone resorp...

See the entire definition of Osteoclast

Osteopenia: Mild thinning of the bone mass. Osteopenia represents a low bone mass and is n...

See the entire definition of Osteopenia

Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

See the entire definition of Osteoporosis

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Pain management: The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Mi...

See the entire definition of Pain management

Parathyroid hormone: See Parathormone.

back to top

Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Phosphorus: An essential element in the diet and a major component of bone.

Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

See the entire definition of Postmenopausal

Postmenopause: The period of time after the menopause. The postmenopause is formally defin...

See the entire definition of Postmenopause

Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

See the entire definition of Progesterone

Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

See the entire definition of Public health

Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

See the entire definition of Radiation

Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

See the entire definition of Receptor

Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

See the entire definition of Rehabilitation

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Resorption: The process of losing substance. For example, when bone is surgically reshaped...

See the entire definition of Resorption

Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

See the entire definition of Rheumatology

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan back to top

Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

See the entire definition of Shin

Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

See the entire definition of Spine

Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

See the entire definition of Strain

Strontium: An earth element and metal with atomic no. 38, atomic wt. 87.62 that is used in...

See the entire definition of Strontium

Strontium ranelate: An agent consisting of two atoms of stable strontium and ranelic acid....

See the entire definition of Strontium ranelate

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

See the entire definition of Tomography

Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

See the entire definition of Topical

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

See the entire definition of Ultrasound

Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

See the entire definition of Vitamin D

Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

See the entire definition of Vitamins

World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

See the entire definition of World Health Organization

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

See the entire definition of Wrist

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top

Yogurt: A common dish made of milk curdled and fermented with a culture of Lactobacillus (...

See the entire definition of Yogurt back to top







Medical Dictionary