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Trichomoniasis (trich) infection is spread by having unprotected sex with an infected partner. Many women and most men do not have any symptoms of trich. If symptoms appear, they usually start within 1 week of being infected. But it may take up to a month for symptoms to appear. In most cases, trich should be treated to prevent transmitting this STD to others and to prevent some problems that can happen if you are pregnant. You and your sex partner(s) should be treated for trich at the same time, to avoid reinfecting each other.
In rare cases, it may be possible to get trich by coming in contact with an object (such as a wet towel) that a person who has trich has just used. The trich organism cannot live on objects for long, so trich is not usually spread this way.
Trich during pregnancy raises the risk of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and premature delivery. Treating the infection does not appear to reduce this risk.2 If you are pregnant and have trich, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of treatment.
Trich may be transmitted from a mother to her baby during a vaginal delivery, but this is rare.
What Increases Your Risk
Behaviors that will increase your risk of getting trich include:
You can get other STDs, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV, and syphilis, at the same time you get a trich infection. If one STD is diagnosed, testing for other STDs should be done so that all infections can be treated at the same time.
Some diseases that can be spread through sexual contact, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, are life-threatening. Studies show that trich infection may increase the risk of transmitting HIV infection.5 Health professionals around the world are concerned about the increased risk of trichomoniasis and HIV.
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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