Trigeminal Neuralgia (Facial Nerve Pain) (cont.)
Exams and Tests
Your doctor must rule out a variety of other causes of facial pain besides trigeminal neuralgia, including various unusual forms of headache.
- Atypical neuralgia
- Myofascial pain
- Temporomandibular facial pain
- Cluster headaches
- Local disease in the sinuses, jaw, throat, and bones of your head
- Physical examination of the head will help define other possible causes of this painful syndrome. Physical findings in people with trigeminal neuralgia are normal.
- A doctor should complete an initial neurological examination to determine the presence of other conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, that are associated with nerve pain syndromes like trigeminal neuralgia.
- Doctors reserve more extensive testing, such as a CT scan or MRI of the head, for people in whom they suspect an associated condition, such as skull or brain tumor, infection, or neurological condition.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/12/2014
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
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