Triglycerides Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Triglycerides article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Aerobic exercise: Brisk exercise that promotes the circulation of oxygen through the blood...

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Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Atherosclerosis: A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.

Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Estrogens: Female hormones produced by the ovaries. Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteop...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

Fatty acids: Molecules that are long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid found in fats and oil...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

HDL: High density lipoprotein.

HDL cholesterol: High density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipoproteins, which are combination...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hyperlipidemia: Elevated lipid (fat) levels in the blood. Hyperlipidemia can be inherited ...

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Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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LDL cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, commonly referred to as 'bad' choles...

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Lipid: Another word for "fat." (Please see the various meanings of fat.) A lipid is chemic...

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Lipids: Another word for "fats." (Please see the various meanings of Fat.) Lipids can be m...

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Lipitor: See: Atorvastatin.

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Lipoprotein: A molecule that is a combination of lipid and protein. Lipids do not travel i...

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Lipoproteins: Complexes of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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National Cholesterol Education Program: NCEP. A program designed to reduce illness and dea...

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Niacin: Nicotinic acid, one of the B-complex vitamins-B 3. Deficiency of niacin in the die...

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Nicotinic acid: Deficiency of nicotinic acid (also known as niacin), one of the B-complex ...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Omega-3 fatty acids: A class of essential fatty acids found in fish oils, especially from ...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas. Of the many causes of pancreatitis, the most c...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Statins: A class of drugs that lower cholesterol.

Triglyceride test: A simple blood test to measure the level of triglycerides in the blood....

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Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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