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Lifestyle Changes (Diet, Exercise, Lowering Risk Factors) for Elevated Triglycerides
Lifestyle modifications can be very effective in lowering blood triglyceride levels and are often the first-line treatment for borderline high levels. Lifestyle changes and self-care steps that have been proved to be effective in reducing triglyceride levels include:
It is also important to control diabetes or other conditions that may be the underlying cause of elevated triglycerides. Reduction in other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as quitting smoking, is also important to decrease the risk of complications from elevated blood lipid levels.
Medical Treatment for Elevated Triglycerides
Lipid altering medications are used to reduce levels of undesirable blood lipids, such as LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and increasing blood levels of desirable lipids, such as HDL cholesterol. There are different types of lipid altering medications, but only some of these are effective in lowering triglycerides.
The treatment goals for any individual with elevated blood lipids must take into account the severity of the abnormalities and the specific lipid levels that are abnormal, as well the medical history and presence of additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A treatment goal may be, for example, the lowering of LDL cholesterol levels while raising HDL cholesterol levels. If triglyceride levels are in the very high range, treatment may primarily address this problem in order to avoid pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), which can be a complication of extremely high triglyceride levels.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/6/2016
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Triglycerides - Treatment
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