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Tubal Sterilization (cont.)

Non-Surgical Tubal Ligation

Essure System

There is a device that acts as a form of tubal ligation by blocking the Fallopian tubes. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a small metallic implant (called the Essure System) that is placed into the Fallopian tubes of women who wish to be permanently sterilized. Unlike other currently available tubal sterilization procedures for women, placement of the device does not require an incision or general anesthesia.

During the Essure procedure, the health care professional inserts an obstructive device into each of the two Fallopian tubes at the time of hysteroscopy. This is done with a special catheter that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus and then into the Fallopian tube. The device works by inducing scar tissue to form over the implant, blocking the Fallopian tube and preventing fertilization of the egg by the sperm.

Adiana System

A similar device known as the Adiana System is also available in which a silicone implant is introduced to the Fallopian tubes and inducing the production of scar tissue.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/11/2014
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Tubal Sterilization »

Prior to the 1960s, female sterilization in the United States was generally performed only for medical indications (when additional pregnancies would be hazardous to the mother).

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