Type 1 Diabetes (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Exams and Tests
Some people—especially children, teenagers, and young adults—are not diagnosed with type 1 diabetes until they are admitted to a hospital for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). This life-threatening condition occurs when ketones, or fatty acids, are produced as the body burns fat and muscle instead of glucose for fuel. DKA develops in people who have type 1 diabetes (and some people who have type 2 diabetes) when their blood sugar is very high.
During hospitalization, people with DKA are watched closely and receive tests to measure the levels of electrolytes and sugar (glucose) in their blood.
These blood tests include:
Other tests that may suggest diabetes
You may need a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test when type 1 diabetes is diagnosed and then every 1 to 2 years. This test checks for thyroid problems, which are common among people with diabetes.
Screening for type 1 diabetes is not recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Such screening would include testing everyone for islet cell antibodies. This test can show if a person is more likely to get type 1 diabetes.
People who are found to have islet cell antibodies may be able to participate in studies about preventing type 1 diabetes. These people need to be referred to a medical center conducting a type 1 diabetes prevention study.3
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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