Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Type 1 diabetes develops when your child's pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Insulin lets blood sugar—also called glucose—enter the body's cells, where it is used for energy. Without insulin, the amount of sugar in the blood rises above a safe level. As a result, your child experiences high and low blood sugar levels from time to time. High blood sugar can damage blood vessels and nerves throughout the body and increases your child's risk of eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve diseases.
Experts do not know what causes type 1 diabetes. But the cause may involve family history and maybe environmental factors like diet or infections.
Causes of high blood sugar
Causes of low blood sugar
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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