Type 1 Diabetes: Living With the Disease (cont.)
Everyone with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin. You are probably taking more than one type of insulin, either as an injection or by using an insulin pump.
The amount and type of insulin you take will likely change over time, depending on changes that occur with normal aging, changes in your exercise routine, and hormonal changes (such as during rapid growth of adolescence or pregnancy). You may need higher doses of insulin when you are ill or experiencing emotional stress. A woman needs much more insulin than usual during the last part of pregnancy.
Learn about insulin:
- Know the dose of each type of insulin you take, when you take the doses, how long it takes for each type of insulin to start working (onset), when it will have its greatest effect (peak), and how long it will work (duration).
- Never skip a dose of insulin without the advice of your doctor.
- Amylinomimetics, such as pramlintide (Symlin)
What To Think About
You may need other medicines at some point in your life.
- If small amounts of protein are found when your urine is tested (microalbuminuria), you may be in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy. You may be given an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB).
- Talk to your doctor about whether you should take low-dose aspirin. Daily low-dose aspirin (81 milligrams) may help prevent heart problems if you are at risk for heart attack or stroke. People with diabetes are 2 to 4 times more likely than people who don't have diabetes to develop fatal heart and blood vessel diseases.5
- If you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol, you may need other medicines to treat these conditions. Adequate treatment may help prevent complications from diabetes. You may need one or more medicines to lower blood pressure. You also may need to take statins to lower your cholesterol. Statins are medicines that can reduce LDL levels and the risk of heart disease in people who have diabetes.5