Type 1 Diabetes: Recently Diagnosed (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Your daily routine now includes new tasks and safety measures because you have type 1 diabetes. You can help keep your blood sugar levels within a target range by following a routine. This means testing your blood sugar and eating at regular times. It also means consistently eating about the same amount of food every day. There is a lot to learn about this complex disease, but for now concentrate on these critical steps:
Spread carbohydrate throughout the day
Carbohydrate is the one nutrient in your diet that most affects blood sugar levels. A registered dietitian can help you learn about what foods contain carbohydrate and how to manage it in your diet. If your child has diabetes, talk with the dietitian about how to adjust meals and snacks for your child's varying appetite.
You need to take injections every day because your pancreas no longer produces insulin. Eventually, your child can learn to give an insulin injection. Talk to your doctor and your child to find out when is a good time to start teaching your child to give an insulin injection.
Check your blood sugar often
Your doctor will want you to test your blood sugar level several times a day.
Try to do moderate activity at least 2½ hours a week.4 One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week. Some tips for exercising safely may help. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after you are active. This is very important when it's hot out and when you do intense exercise. It may also help to keep track of your exercise on an activity log(What is a PDF document?).
Encourage your child to do moderate to vigorous activity at least 1 hour every day. It's okay for them to be active in smaller blocks of time that add up to 1 hour or more each day. Children with type 1 diabetes can participate in sports just like children who do not have diabetes. But children who use insulin are at risk of low blood sugar. Some tips on safe exercising for your child with type 1 diabetes can help prevent low blood sugar.
In addition to exercising, it is a good idea to limit the amount of alcohol you drink. The American Diabetes Association recommends that women with diabetes have no more than one drink a day and men with diabetes have no more than two drinks a day.5 One drink is 12 fl oz (0.4 L) of beer, 5 fl oz (0.2 L) of wine, or 1.5 fl oz (44.4 mL) liquor.
Tobacco has many bad health effects, especially for people with diabetes. Having type 1 diabetes can cause a lot of problems in your body. Smoking can make many of these problems worse, especially heart and blood vessel disease. Smoking raises your cholesterol and makes it harder for your body to heal. No matter how long you've smoked, your health will improve after you quit. For help quitting, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
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