Types of Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy (CP) is classified according to the type of body movement and posture problem.
Spastic (pyramidal) cerebral palsy
Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type.
A person with spastic CP develops tight muscles in some parts of the body that are unable to relax. Affected joints become stiff and hard to move. Usually, a person has problems controlling movements, poor coordination and balance, and difficulty talking and eating.
There are four types of spastic CP, grouped according to how many limbs are affected.
Nonspastic (extrapyramidal) cerebral palsy
The nonspastic forms of cerebral palsy include dyskinetic cerebral palsy (subdivided into athetoid and dystonic forms) and ataxic cerebral palsy.
Mixed cerebral palsy
Some children have symptoms of more than one type of cerebral palsy. For example, spastic legs (symptoms of spastic diplegic CP) and problems with facial muscle control (symptoms of dyskinetic CP) may both develop.
Total body cerebral palsy affects the entire body to some degree. Complications of cerebral palsy and other medical problems are more likely to develop when the entire body is involved rather than isolated parts. Total body cerebral palsy may include any of the following:
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