Types of Hysterectomy
Abdominal hysterectomy is done when:
An abdominal hysterectomy is usually required to remove endometriosis implants and adhesions to restore the function of other organs involved.
Vaginal hysterectomy can be done:
This surgery requires more specialized surgical skill than an abdominal hysterectomy.
Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) can be done:
LAVH requires specialized surgical training.
Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) can be done:
LSH is done by inserting a laparoscope (lighted viewing instrument) and surgical instruments through several small abdominal incisions. The uterus is removed in small pieces with a special surgical instrument.
LSH leaves the cervix intact, so women continue with their regular Pap smears, which check for cervical precancer and cancer. LSH requires specialized surgical training and may not be available everywhere.
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