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Ulcerative Colitis (cont.)

Ulcerative Colitis Self-Care at Home

Mild diarrhea may be controlled with diet.

  • Clear fluids for 24 hours allows the colon to rest and will usually resolve the loose bowel movements.
  • Milk products and fatty, greasy foods should be avoided for a few days.
  • Increase in fluid intake is encouraged to prevent dehydration. Urine output can be used as a gauge of hydration. If the urine is yellow and concentrated, more fluid may be required.

Proper nutrition is important for a person with ulcerative colitis.

  • Although specific foods do not cause the disease, some types of food may trigger discomfort and diarrhea.
  • Spicy or high-fiber foods may need to be eliminated especially when the diarrhea phase is active.
  • Keep a food diary to help find foods that cause problems.
  • A well-balanced diet is always a smart choice.

Counseling and education are important for both patient and family; a better understanding of how ulcerative colitis affects the body will allow the patient and physician to work together to control the symptoms.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/14/2012
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