Alzheimer's Disease Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Alzheimer's Disease Medications article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal pain

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

See the entire definition of Acetaminophen

Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter released by nerves that is essential for communication b...

See the entire definition of Acetylcholine

Acetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at the...

See the entire definition of Acetylcholinesterase

Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

See the entire definition of Aging

Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

See the entire definition of Allergic reaction

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

See the entire definition of Allergy

Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementi...

See the entire definition of Alzheimer's disease

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

See the entire definition of Anesthesia

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

See the entire definition of Arthritis

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

See the entire definition of Asthma

ATP: 1. Adenosine triphosphate. 2. Acute thrombocytopenic purpura.

back to top

Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

See the entire definition of Bicarbonate

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

See the entire definition of Constipation

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

See the entire definition of COPD

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

See the entire definition of Dementia

Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

See the entire definition of Depression

Dextromethorphan: An oral cough suppressant available in the US without a prescription but...

See the entire definition of Dextromethorphan

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Dinucleotide: A sequence of 2 base pairs. A trinucleotide (a triplet of base pairs) may be...

See the entire definition of Dinucleotide

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

See the entire definition of Dizziness back to top

Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

See the entire definition of Enzyme

Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses...

See the entire definition of Epilepsy

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

See the entire definition of Estrogen

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

See the entire definition of Family history

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Folic acid: One of the B vitamins that is a key factor in the synthesis (the making) of nu...

See the entire definition of Folic acid

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

See the entire definition of Food and Drug Administration

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

See the entire definition of Genetics

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

See the entire definition of Heart disease

Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

See the entire definition of Heart rate

Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

See the entire definition of Herbal

Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

See the entire definition of Hives back to top

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

See the entire definition of Hormone therapy

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

See the entire definition of Ibuprofen

Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

See the entire definition of Itching

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

See the entire definition of Liver disease

Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

See the entire definition of Low blood pressure

Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

See the entire definition of Memory

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Neurology: The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders o...

See the entire definition of Neurology

Nicotine: An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produc...

See the entire definition of Nicotine

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Parkinson's disease: A slowly progressive neurologic disease that is characterized by a fi...

See the entire definition of Parkinson's disease back to top

Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

See the entire definition of Peptic ulcer

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

See the entire definition of Progesterone

Psychosis: In the general sense, a mental illness that markedly interferes with a person'...

See the entire definition of Psychosis

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Receptor: 1. In cell biology, a structure on the surface of a cell (or inside a cel...

See the entire definition of Receptor

Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

See the entire definition of Risk factor

Scopolamine: A naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called a...

See the entire definition of Scopolamine

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

See the entire definition of Sodium

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

See the entire definition of Throat

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

See the entire definition of Tongue back to top

Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

See the entire definition of Toxicity

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

See the entire definition of Ulcer

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Urine pH: A measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine. Checking urine pH is part of th...

See the entire definition of Urine pH

Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

See the entire definition of Vitamin E

Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

See the entire definition of Vitamins back to top







Medical Dictionary