Ankylosing Spondylitis Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Medications article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Antagonist: A substance that acts against and blocks an action. Antagonist is the opposite...

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Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Blood glucose: The main sugar that the body makes from the food in the diet. Glucose is ca...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

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Cox-2: Cyclooxygenase-2, an enzyme that acts to speed up the production of certain chemica...

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Cyclooxygenase: Abbreviated cox. See: Cox-1; Cox-2.

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Exacerbation: A worsening. In medicine, exacerbation may refer to an increase in the sever...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

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Folic acid: One of the B vitamins that is a key factor in the synthesis (the making) of nu...

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastropathy: Disease of the stomach, as in hypoproteinemic hypertrophic gastropathy. Gastr...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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GI tract: Short for gastrointestinal tract. See: Gastrointestinal tract.

Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a lev...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Histoplasmosis: A disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Most people with hi...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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HLA: Human leukocyte antigen, the major human histocompatibility system. HLA typing is don...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Immunosuppressant: An agent that can suppress or prevent the immune response. Immunosuppre...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Lymphocytes: A small white blood cell (leukocyte) that plays a large role in defending the...

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Marker: A piece of DNA that lies on a chromosome so close to a gene that the marker and t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mycobacterium: A large family of bacteria that have unusually waxy cell walls that are res...

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis: The bacterium that causes tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis has un...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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NSAID: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a medication that is commonly prescribed or pu...

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Osteonecrosis: Bone death resulting from poor blood supply to an area of bone. Also known...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostaglandin: One of a number of hormone-like substances that participate in a wide range...

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Psoriatic arthritis: Joint inflammation that is associated with psoriasis. Psoriatic arthr...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Reactive arthritis: A chronic form of arthritis featuring the following three conditions: ...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Skeleton: The skeleton is composed of bones and is the framework of the body.

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Teratogenic: Able to disturb the growth and development of an embryo or fetus. See also: T...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tumor necrosis factor: One of multiple proteins capable of inducing necrosis (death) of tu...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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