Understanding Ankylosing Spondylitis Medications (cont.)
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Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment
Nothing cures ankylosing spondylitis, but people with the disease can lessen their pain and maintain their mobility. Medications are commonly prescribed to decrease pain and inflammation that causes joint swelling and may contribute to pain. Exercise is one of the most important activities for maintaining and restoring joint mobility, decreasing pain, and strengthening muscles to improve posture. A healthy diet and adequate sleep are important. Heat or cold may help alleviate symptoms. Applying heat helps relax aching muscles and reduces joint pain and soreness. Applying cold helps decrease pain and joint swelling. Bending and lifting properly (with the knees rather than with the back) and carrying heavy objects close to the body, when necessary, protect the joints and maintain function. Other therapeutic measures include sleeping flat on the back on a firm, supportive mattress and using a pillow that properly supports the neck.
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The spondyloarthropathies (SpAs) are a family of related disorders that includes ankylosing spondylitis (AS), reactive arthritis (ReA; also known as Reiter syndrome [RS]), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), spondyloarthropathy associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (USpA), and, possibly, Whipple disease and Behçet disease.