Bladder Control Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bladder Control Medications article.

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Amitriptyline: An antidepressant medication. In some patients with depression, abnormal l...

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Anticholinergic: Opposing the actions of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Anticholinerg...

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Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Beta-agonist: A bronchodilator medicine that opens the airways by relaxing the muscles aro...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacteri...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Bradycardia: A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cystoscope: An optical instrument (a scope) that is inserted through the urethra into the...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Elavil: See: Amitriptyline.

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a lev...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertrophy: Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increase...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Outlet: The exit or opening. The means by which something escapes.

Overactive bladder: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscular wall of the bladder c...

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Painful urination: See: Dysuria.

Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Prostate: A gland within the male reproductive system that is located just below the blad...

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Prostate gland: A gland in the male reproductive system that is located just below the bla...

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Residual: Something left behind. With residual disease, the disease has not been eradicate...

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Schizophrenia: One of several brain diseases whose symptoms may include loss of personalit...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Sympathetic nervous system: A part of the nervous system that serves to accelerate the hea...

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Tachycardia: A rapid heart rate, usually defined as greater than 100 beats per minute.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urge incontinence: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscular wall of the bladder ca...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary incontinence: The unintentional loss of urine. Inability to hold urine in the blad...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urinary urgency: An immediate unstoppable urge to urinate, due to a sudden involuntary con...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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