Crohn's Disease Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Crohn's Disease Medications article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

See the entire definition of Absorption

Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

See the entire definition of Alcoholism

Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

See the entire definition of Allergy

Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

See the entire definition of Anatomy

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Autoimmune: Pertaining to autoimmunity, a misdirected immune response that occurs when the...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune

Autoimmune disease: An illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own i...

See the entire definition of Autoimmune disease

Autoimmunity: A misdirected immune response that occurs when the immune system goes awry a...

See the entire definition of Autoimmunity

Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

See the entire definition of Bone marrow

Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

See the entire definition of Breastfeeding

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic back to top

Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

See the entire definition of Coagulation

Colectomy: An operation to remove all or part of the colon (large intestine). In a partial...

See the entire definition of Colectomy

Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

See the entire definition of Colitis

Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

See the entire definition of Colon

Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

See the entire definition of Colonoscopy

Colostomy: An artificial exit from the colon created to divert waste through a hole in the...

See the entire definition of Colostomy

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

See the entire definition of Constipation

Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

See the entire definition of Corticosteroid

Cortisone: A naturally occurring adrenocorticoid hormone that is produced in minute amount...

See the entire definition of Cortisone

Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

See the entire definition of Crohn's disease

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

See the entire definition of Cure

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

See the entire definition of Drain

Endoscopy: Examination of the inside of the body by using a lighted, flexible instrument c...

See the entire definition of Endoscopy

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential back to top

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

See the entire definition of Gastroenteritis

Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

See the entire definition of Gastroenterology

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises becaus...

See the entire definition of Glaucoma

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

See the entire definition of Heart disease

Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

See the entire definition of Heart failure

Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

See the entire definition of Heparin

Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis

Hepatitis B: Inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), once thought t...

See the entire definition of Hepatitis B

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

See the entire definition of Ibuprofen

Ileostomy: An opening into the ileum, part of the small intestine, from the outside of the...

See the entire definition of Ileostomy back to top

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

See the entire definition of Inflammatory bowel disease

Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

See the entire definition of Internal medicine

Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

See the entire definition of Intestine

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

See the entire definition of Large intestine

Latent: Hidden, dormant, inactive.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Malabsorption: Poor intestinal absorption of nutrients. Malabsorption can occur from disea...

See the entire definition of Malabsorption

Marrow: The bone marrow.

Mercaptopurine: A drug that acts as an antimetabolite, interfering with the metabolism of ...

See the entire definition of Mercaptopurine back to top

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nasogastric: Referring to the passage from the nose to the stomach. Abbreviated NG.

Nasogastric tube: A tube that is passed through the nose and down through the nasopharynx ...

See the entire definition of Nasogastric tube

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

See the entire definition of Necrosis

NG tube: See: Nasogastric tube.

Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

See the entire definition of Nutrition

Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

See the entire definition of Osteoporosis

Ostomy: An operation to create an opening from an area inside the body to the outside.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Peptic ulcer: An ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers...

See the entire definition of Peptic ulcer

Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

See the entire definition of Pharmacist

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

See the entire definition of Potassium

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy back to top

Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prepubertal: Before puberty, the period during which secondary sex characteristics start t...

See the entire definition of Prepubertal

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

See the entire definition of Prescription

Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

See the entire definition of Protein

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

See the entire definition of Rash

Regional enteritis: Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine prima...

See the entire definition of Regional enteritis

Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

See the entire definition of Small intestine

Stoma: An opening into the body from the outside that is created by a surgeon.

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

See the entire definition of Subcutaneous

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Terminal ileitis: Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine involvi...

See the entire definition of Terminal ileitis back to top

Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

See the entire definition of Toxicity

Tubercular: See: Tuberculous.

Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium ...

See the entire definition of Tuberculosis

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

See the entire definition of Tumor

Tumor necrosis factor: One of multiple proteins capable of inducing necrosis (death) of tu...

See the entire definition of Tumor necrosis factor

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

See the entire definition of Ulcer

Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

See the entire definition of Ulcerative colitis

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral back to top






Medical Dictionary