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Glaucoma Medications

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that, if untreated, can damage the optic nerve of the eye and result in permanent visual loss. It is usually associated with increased pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure, or IOP). Increased intraocular pressure results from either increased production or decreased drainage of aqueous humor, a clear fluid within the front of the eye. The resulting increase in pressure within the eye may eventually damage the optic nerve. This increase in intraocular pressure is by far the most common risk factor for vision loss due to glaucoma.

What Causes Glaucoma?

Many factors are associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma; some of which are elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal thickness, family history, ethnic background, and increasing age. Glaucoma most commonly affects both eyes.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/2/2016

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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Glaucoma Medications:

Glaucoma Medications - Side Effects

Do you experience troubling side effects from your glaucoma medication?

Glaucoma Treatment

Treatment is designed to lower the IOP by reducing production or increasing outflow of aqueous humor. Depending on the type of glaucoma, medications or surgery are used. IOP usually can be lowered using different medications in the form of eyedrops and oral or IV medications.


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Glaucoma, Unilateral: Treatment & Medication »

While any type of glaucoma can be unilateral, primary open-angle glaucoma, primary angle-closure glaucoma, primary infantile glaucoma, juvenile-onset glaucoma, and pigmentary glaucoma are generally bilateral diseases, the severity of which may be asymmetric in the two eyes.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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