Understanding Glaucoma Medications (cont.)
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Medical Treatment of Glaucoma
Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is one of the most important risk factors for the development of glaucoma, which is a progressive optic neuropathy. Lowering IOP is currently the only therapeutic approach for glaucoma. Treatment is designed to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) either by reducing production or increasing drainage of aqueous humor from the eye. Depending on the type of glaucoma, medications, surgery or a combination of the two, may be used. In most patients with glaucoma, intraocular pressure can be lowered by using different medications, primarily in the form of drops placed onto the surface of the eye.
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While any type of glaucoma can be unilateral, primary open-angle glaucoma, primary angle-closure glaucoma, primary infantile glaucoma, juvenile-onset glaucoma, and pigmentary glaucoma are generally bilateral diseases, the severity of which may be asymmetric in the two eyes.