Insomnia Medication Names and Side Effects
What is the definition of insomnia?
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint among people. Insomnia is defined as difficultly falling asleep, staying asleep, or both, resulting in inadequate length of sleep and/or poor quality of sleep, which may affect a person's ability to function during the day. Insomnia also may affect quality of life, work performance, and overall health. Insomnia is not a disease, but a symptom associated with a variety of medical, psychiatric, or sleep disorders.
Who suffers from insomnia?
- Women: Women are much more likely to experience insomnia due to hormonal reasons than are men. Insomnia may occur due to the
menstrual cycle (due to discomfort and
menopause (due to
night sweats and
hot flashes which may disrupt sleep)
- Older people (60 years of age or older): Insomnia increases with age which may be attributed to greater psychosocial stressors, losses, and medical illnesses.
- People with mental health disorders: Many disorders including
bipolar disorder and
posttraumatic stress disorder disrupt sleep.
- People experiencing stress: Different variations of stress may cause either transient or short term insomnia and lead to chronic insomnia such as death of a loved one, financial issues etc.
- Long distance travelers: Travelling across multiple time zones and experience jet lag can cause insomnia.
- Night shift employees: Working at night or frequently changing shifts increases one's risk of insomnia.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/26/2016
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:
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