Understanding Insomnia Medications (cont.)
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What Causes Insomnia?
Insomnia is usually a transient or short-term condition (lasting less than 3 months). In some cases insomnia can become chronic (more than 6 months).
Transient insomnia specifically lasts up to 1 week and is associated with acute situational stress factors such as a job interview or exam. It usually resolves once the person has adjusted to stress factor, or it is no longer a concern. It can however reemerge when new or similar stressors occur. Causes of short-term (acute) insomnia are typically related to more significant or persistent stress sources, which may be environmental factors such as too much noise, light, temperature extremes, or an uncomfortable bed ,or situational factors including relationship concerns or losses (for example, death of a family member).
Causes of chronic insomnia are more variable and are associated with underlying causes which include the following:
Primary insomnia may be diagnosed when all other disorders have been excluded. Primary insomnia is often referred to as psychophysiologic insomnia. This disorder often results from a period of stress in a person's life. Normally, this condition resolves over time, but for some, insomnia results in ongoing tension and an inability to sleep. Bad sleep habits develop, and the person begins to worry about his or her sleep, worsening the symptoms of insomnia. The bad habits must be "unlearned," and the person educated regarding good sleep hygiene practices.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/8/2015
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