Cholesterol Charts (What the Numbers Mean) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Cholesterol Charts (What the Numbers Mean) article.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder an...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

HDL: High density lipoprotein.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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LDL cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, commonly referred to as 'bad' choles...

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Lipoprotein: A molecule that is a combination of lipid and protein. Lipids do not travel i...

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Lipoproteins: Complexes of lipid and protein, the way lipids travel in the blood.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral artery disease: A form of peripheral vascular disease in which there is partial...

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Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three ...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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