Understanding Your Cholesterol Level Topic Guide
Cholesterol Charts (What the Numbers Mean): Understanding your cholesterol level is important for disease prevention. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood place an individual at a higher risk for heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. Cholesterol can be lowered through lifestyle modifications and medication if necessary.
Atherosclerosis (Hardening of the Arteries) Hardening of the arteries (arthrosclerosis) is a disorder that occurs when fat and cholesterol are deposited in the walls of the arteries, and harden into plaque that can block arteries. Cause is unknown, but risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, diet, age, being male or African-American. Hardening of the arteries may range from no symptoms, to heart attack, stroke, or sudden cardiac death. Treatment includes lifestyle modification, medications, or surgery.
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