Urinalysis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Urinalysis article.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

See the entire definition of Analysis

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound that is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from r...

See the entire definition of Bilirubin

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

See the entire definition of Bladder

Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

See the entire definition of Blood clots

Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

See the entire definition of Blood in the urine

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

See the entire definition of Dehydration

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus: More commonly referred to as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated...

See the entire definition of Diabetes mellitus

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Epithelial: Relating to the epithelium.

back to top

Foley catheter: See: Catheter, Foley.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Genitalia: The male or female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal and exte...

See the entire definition of Genitalia

Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

See the entire definition of Glucose

Gross hematuria: Blood in the urine that can be seen with the naked eye. Hematuria may or ...

See the entire definition of Gross hematuria

Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

See the entire definition of Hematuria

Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

See the entire definition of Hemoglobin

Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

See the entire definition of High blood pressure

Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

See the entire definition of Hypertension

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

See the entire definition of Injury

Ketone: A chemical substances that the body makes when it does not have enough insulin in ...

See the entire definition of Ketone back to top

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Kidney stone: A stone in the kidney or a stone that originates in the kidney but has passe...

See the entire definition of Kidney stone

Labia: Lips, the fleshy folds that surround the opening of the mouth (oral labia) or the v...

See the entire definition of Labia

Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Leukocytes: White Blood Cells that help the body fight infections and other diseases. Also...

See the entire definition of Leukocytes

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

See the entire definition of Liver disease

Macroscopic: Large enough to be seen with the naked eye, as opposed to microscopic. For ex...

See the entire definition of Macroscopic

Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

See the entire definition of Metabolic

Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

See the entire definition of Microscope

Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

See the entire definition of Microscopic

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

See the entire definition of Nursing

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

See the entire definition of Penis back to top

Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

See the entire definition of Protein

Proteinuria: Excess protein in the urine. Some protein is normal in the urine. Too much m...

See the entire definition of Proteinuria

Qualitative: Having to do with quality. In contrast to quantitative (which pertains to qua...

See the entire definition of Qualitative

Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

See the entire definition of Red blood cell

Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

See the entire definition of Red blood cells

Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

See the entire definition of Rhabdomyolysis

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

See the entire definition of Urethra

Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

See the entire definition of Urinalysis

Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

See the entire definition of Urinary

Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

See the entire definition of Urinary tract

Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

See the entire definition of Urinary tract infection

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine back to top

UTI: Urinary tract infection.

Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

See the entire definition of Vagina

White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

See the entire definition of White blood cell back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary