Urinalysis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Urinalysis article.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound that is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from r...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diabetes mellitus: Better known just as "diabetes" -- a chronic disease associated with ab...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Epithelial: Relating to the epithelium.

False positive: A result that indicates that a given condition is present when it is not. ...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Genitalia: The male or female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal and exte...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Gross hematuria: Blood in the urine that can be seen with the naked eye. Hematuria may or ...

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Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may or may not be accompanied by pain, but it is...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Ketone: A chemical substances that the body makes when it does not have enough insulin in ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Kidney stone: A stone in the kidney or a stone that originates in the kidney but has passe...

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Labia: Lips, the fleshy folds that surround the opening of the mouth (oral labia) or the v...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Leukocytes: White Blood Cells that help the body fight infections and other diseases. Also...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Macroscopic: Large enough to be seen with the naked eye, as opposed to microscopic. For ex...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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MPH: Master of public health, a degree designating successful training in analyzing past, ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteinuria: Excess protein in the urine. Some protein is normal in the urine. Too much m...

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Qualitative: Having to do with quality. In contrast to quantitative (which pertains to qua...

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Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urethra: The tube that leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine outside ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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UTI: Urinary tract infection.

Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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Medical Dictionary