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The term macroscopic refers to observations that are visible with the naked eye and do not require examination under a microscope. Macroscopic analysis of the urine is done by inspecting the physical appearance of the urine. Normal urine is light yellow and clear. Macroscopic urinalysis notes the amount, color, clarity, and cloudiness of the urine as well as any other visible characteristics of the urine such as the presence of blood or blood clots, precipitates, or sediments.
The information from the macroscopic urinalysis may provide important clues to the health care practitioner performing the test. A normal urine sample may be reported as clear and yellow without any cloudiness.
glucose (sugar) in the urine,
The color change in each of the squares signifies a specific abnormality found in the urine represented by that specific color. If there are no abnormalities in the urine, the squares maintain their original color. The changes in color may take from a few seconds up to a couple of minutes to occur. The interpretation of the urinalysis by a dipstick is simply done by comparing the colors on the stick to the reference color changes that are readily available on the dipstick box.
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