Urinalysis Topic Guide
Urinalysis: Urinalysis (UA) is a commonly ordered medical test to analyze urine. It may be used to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTIs) or kidney stones, to screen for kidney diseases, and to monitor diabetes or high blood pressure (hypertension). A urinalysis looks for white and red blood cells, epithelial cells, blood or protein in the urine, crystals, or bacteria, among other things.
Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection occurs when an infection from the bladder and urinary tract moves upward into the kidneys. Kidney infection is also referred to as pyelonephritis. Kidney infection has many causes, and common symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, chills, fatigue, burning urination, and others. Treatment for kidney infection is with antibiotics.